The stomach is an organ located in the upper oesophagus. Food enters the throat and chest through the oesophagus after it has been chewed and swallowed. It is in charge of breaking down food and transporting nutrients to the rest of the digestive system, including the small and large intestines.
Gastric cancer is another name for stomach cancer. It occurs when aberrant cells divide and replicate at an exceptional rate, resulting in a tumour mass in the stomach lining. Stomach cancer usually has no early symptoms and grows over a long period of time. In the early stages, it is frequently undetected. It goes untreated until it spreads to other sections of the stomach or to other parts of the body.
FUNCTIONS OF STOMACH
- The stomach produces acid and enzymes that aid in the digestion of meals.
- Rugae are muscular tissue ridges that run the length of the stomach.
- The stomach muscles flex on a regular basis, churning the food and aiding digestion.
- The pyloric sphincter is a muscle valve that allows food to flow from the stomach to the small intestine by opening and closing.
SYMPTOMS OF STOMACH CANCER
Early stage stomach cancer is frequently asymptomatic, which is why it is so difficult to detect in its early stages. The following are some of the indications and symptoms of stomach cancer:
- A lack of hunger
- Weight loss that isn't explained
- Pain in the abdomen
- Indigestion and heartburn
- Vomiting and nausea
- Abdominal swelling and fluid accumulation
- RBC count is low (anemia)
- An upper-abdominal feeling of fullness
CAUSES / RISK FACTORS OF STOMACH CANCER
The following factors raise your chances of getting stomach cancer:
- Bacterial infections caused by H. pylori
- Tumors in various sections of the gastrointestinal tract
- Polyps in the stomach
- Stomach cancer is more likely in those over 50
- People with a family history of stomach cancer
- People of Asian (Korean and Japanese) heritage, and people of South American or Belarusian descent.
- Consuming excessive amounts of salty or processed foods, and consuming excessive amounts of meat
- Having a history of alcohol misuse,
- Not exercising, or eating food that isn't properly cooked or kept are all lifestyle variables to consider.
HOW TO DIAGNOSE STOMACH CANCER ?
Learn more about how to diagnose stomach cancer here.
HOW TO TREAT STOMACH CANCER?
There are a number of treatment options available for stomach cancer.
DRUGS USED TO TREAT STOMACH CANCER
A number of drugs are prescribed by your oncologist that can help treat stomach cancer.
HOW TO PREVENT STOMACH CANCER ?
- Infections of the stomach should be treated.
- Antibiotics can eliminate the bacteria, while other medications can mend sores in the stomach lining, lowering your cancer risk.
- Eat a balanced diet. Every day, include extra fresh fruits and veggies on your meal. They're high in fibre and vitamins that can help you avoid cancer.
- Hot dogs, processed lunch meats, and smoked cheeses are examples of foods that are particularly salty, pickled, cured, or smoked.
- Please don't smoke. If you smoke, your chance of stomach cancer doubles.
- Maintain a healthy weight, as well. Obesity or being overweight might also increase your risk of developing the condition.
- Use caution when taking aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If you use aspirin every day to prevent heart attacks or NSAIDs for arthritis, talk to your oncologist about how these medications may impact your stomach.