What is pancreatic cancer stage I?

Pancreatic cancer is often staged using the TNM system of cancer staging, in which T represents tumour, N for node, and M stands for metastasis. Tumour indicates the size of the initial tumour, Node indicates the presence of cancer in lymph nodes, and Metastasis indicates cancer spreading from the source tissue to other tissues and organs.

The malignancy has not progressed to the lymph nodes or neighbouring organs and is localised to the pancreas measuring less than 2cm in size.

Treatment Options:

Treatment choices for pancreatic cancer are determined by the cancer's stage, the patient's overall health, and the feasibility of tumour removal based on imaging examinations. the tumor's spread and cancer's location, as well as the patient's symptoms and treatment response Staging is a critical component in determining how to treat this malignancy. Many tumours in stage 1 pancreatic cancer are resectable, meaning they can be removed surgically, and roughly 15 to 20% of pancreatic malignancies are surgically resectable. Surgery is the best line of treatment for eligible patients.

Surgery:

For early-stage pancreatic malignancies and some pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours, surgery is the best therapy option. If the cancer has not gone beyond the pancreas, surgical methods are utilised to remove the tumour and adjacent lymph nodes. The following are some of the several pancreatic cancer surgeries:

  • Whipple surgery or pancreaticoduodenectomy
  • Partial Pancreatectomy
  • Pylorus-preserving procedure

Adjuvant therapy

Adjuvant therapy is a type of treatment that is provided after a surgical procedure. Treatment normally begins 8-12 weeks after surgery, depending on the cancer's recurrence and the patient's recuperation.

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be used in this treatment.

  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapeutic medications are administered for approximately six months following surgery. A combination of gemcitabine and capecitabine is given for the best results.
  • Radiotherapy: Based upon the recovery of the patient, radiotherapy is given when there are no transparent margins post surgery.

Survival rates:

The five-year survival rate indicates how many patients out of 100 survive five years after being diagnosed with a given malignancy. It can be used to determine a patient's prognosis based on the type and stage of cancer. Pancreatic cancer is divided into two stages, IA and IB, with survival rates of 14 percent and 12 percent, respectively, at stage I.