SHORT TERM COMPLICATIONS
- Nausea and vomiting: When the gallbladder is removed, the treatment has an effect on the surrounding organs such as the stomach and intestines. This creates digestive problems, which can lead to vomiting and weakness.
- Blood cell count abnormalities: During and after therapy, a lot of blood is lost. This may result in a reduction in blood cells, which can result in the following:
- Anemia is a condition in which the body's red blood cells are depleted, resulting in extreme weakness.
- Infections are more likely in patients with a low white blood cell count.
- Bleeding: A low platelet count can make blood clotting problematic and lead to heavy bleeding.
- Problems with eating and drinking: Gallbladder removal surgery necessitates the removal of sections of the surrounding organs involved for food digestion. As a result, the patients experience stomach pain, heartburn, and a change in their regular diet.
- Pain - The gallbladder is removed through incisions in the belly, which causes pain. This results in a lot of pain after therapy and during the healing process.
- People who are sensitive to anaesthesia cannot take higher doses of anaesthetic since their bodies may respond after the surgery.
LONG TERM COMPLICATIONS
- Diarrhea: When the gallbladder is removed, bile flows directly into the small intestine, causing faeces to linger in the bowels for a shorter period of time. The surgical techniques used to treat gallbladder cancer can have an impact on bowel motions. Following gallbladder removal, approximately 20% to 30% of individuals have diarrhoea. Diarrhea is an immediate adverse effect of gallbladder surgery. It's possible that it'll go on for a few more years. Antidiarrheal medications and dietary adjustments can help to slow down bowel motions.
- PCS (post-cholecystectomy syndrome) occurs when the gallbladder is removed and the flow of bile is disrupted. It can begin right after the treatment or some time afterwards. Heartburn, indigestion, continuous abdominal pain, diarrhoea, bloating, fever, or jaundice are all symptoms of this syndrome.
- Bile duct injury: The bile duct may be damaged during the removal of the gallbladder. Following treatment, this causes bile leakage and stomach pain. It frequently occurs during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In some cases, surgery is required to fix the leak by inserting a stent into the damaged duct.
- Digestion problems-The pancreas is similarly affected by the surgical excision of the gallbladder. This injury might cause the pancreas to be unable to release digestive enzymes adequately, causing digestive problems. Patients are frequently advised to take digestive enzymes externally, which aid in better and faster meal digestion.
- Diabetes: Patients who have their gallbladders removed are at a significant risk of acquiring diabetes. If the patients have had blood sugar difficulties in the past, the problem will intensify.
- Liver damage: A section of the liver is removed or the liver's function is harmed after surgery for advanced gallbladder cancer. In rare people, this could result in liver failure.