A risk factor is something that raises a person's chances of getting cancer. Cancer is typically influenced by risk factors, although it is not directly caused by them. If you have a few risk factors, it's always a good idea to discuss them with your doctor to make the essential health and lifestyle modifications. It's also important to remember that having a few or even several risk factors does not guarantee that a person will get cancer, as studies have shown that some people who get cancer have few orthroughAlthoughtoregularlyToregularlyno known risk factors.

Several risk factors for liver cancer have been connected in studies, including:


Hepatocellular carcinoma is more common in women, which is due to a variety of variables including lifestyle and other health issues, all of which can be risk factors as listed below.


The most frequent risk factor for liver cancer worldwide is chronic infection with the hepatitis B or C virus. Cirrhosis of the liver can result from these illnesses. It's also vital to understand that these viruses can transmit from person to person via unprotected sex, contaminated needles, childbirth, and even blood transfusion.


Smoking raises your chances of getting liver cancer. Current smokers are more likely than former smokers to acquire liver cancer. Smokers, on the other hand, are more likely than nonsmokers to acquire liver cancer.

Use of alcoholic beverages

Increased consumption of alcoholic beverages leads to development of cirrhosis, which then contributes to the formation of liver cancer.


Drinking water tainted with arsenic has been related to an increased risk of liver cancer in those who consume it for an extended period.


Obesity has been associated with liver disorders such as fatty liver and cirrhosis, which can raise the chance of developing liver cancer.

Type 2 diabetes

Because most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and being overweight has been connected to having various liver diseases, type 2 diabetes has been linked to an increased chance of developing liver cancer.

Anabolic steroids

Male hormones known as anabolic steroids are utilised by some athletes to gain strength. Hepatocellular cancer has been connected to long-term usage of the drug.

Uncommon diseases

Wilson disease and glycogen storage disease are two rare disorders that can raise the risk of liver cancer.


Cirrhosis patients have a higher risk of acquiring liver cancer. Cirrhosis is a disease in which the liver cells are destroyed and replaced by scar tissue.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Fatty liver disease can develop in people who drink little or no alcohol. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is frequent in obese or overweight adults, and it has been linked to an increased risk of liver cancer.

Primary biliary cirrhosis

The bile ducts are damaged and twisted in primary biliary cirrhosis, which can develop into cirrhosis. People who have advanced primary biliary cirrhosis are more likely to acquire liver cancer.

Inherited metabolic diseases

Cirrhosis can be caused by a few hereditary metabolic illnesses. Hereditary hemochromatosis is a disorder in which people absorb too much iron from their food. Iron settles in tissues all over the body, including the liver. If too much iron builds up in the liver, it can harm it and lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.