It is impossible to pinpoint the exact cause of blood cancer in a person. According to research, some factors may enhance a person's risk of having this malignancy. The qualities that have been identified as having a higher risk of developing cancer are known as risk factors. There are numerous forms of blood cancers, and while each has its unique set of risk factors, there is a handful that is shared by all.

Substance exposure:

Benzene is the most frequent and deadly chemical that can lead to blood cancer. Heavy manufacturing smoke and chemicals, such as formaldehyde, can potentially cause blood cancer. People are exposed to these chemicals through the air they breathe, and breathing inebriated air makes a person more prone to blood cancer. Certain cancer medicines, particularly those used in chemotherapy, can raise a person's risk of getting blood cancer.

Radiation exposure:

Blood cancer can also be caused by radiation exposure. Certain wavelengths of radiation can damage DNA and cause cancer. The higher the radiation exposure, the greater the chance of developing blood cancer. Radiation exposure from cancer-curing radiotherapy and imaging examinations can raise the risk of getting blood cancer. In addition, environmental radiation has an effect on the disease's development. The most deadly event in this scenario was the explosion of an atomic bomb on Japan. Many persons in this region have developed blood cancer as a result of their exposure to high levels of radiation following the atomic blast.

Chronic inflammation:

Inflammation is the body's normal physiological response to any tissue injury. The process begins when damaged tissue releases substances that stimulate cells to divide and expand, aiding in tissue regeneration. This aids in the injury's speedy recuperation. When the damage is healed, the inflammatory process comes to a stop. Chronic inflammation is caused by infections that do not go away. Inflammations can also be caused by abnormal immunological reactivity to normal tissues or fat.

Chronic inflammation has been linked to DNA damage and cancer. It's critical to figure out why and where the inflammation arose, as well as what form of inflammation it is. This data aids in the early detection and diagnosis of blood cancer. The role of inflammation and its causes in physiological processes (such as wound healing) is also important in cancer detection.


Some symptoms are caused by hereditary disorders. These syndromes have a direct impact on the likelihood of acquiring cancer. Fanconi anaemia, Bloom syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, down syndrome, and a few more are among them.

  • Fanconi Anemia is a genetic blood disorder that causes bone marrow loss. FA prevents the bone marrow from producing new blood cells, which is necessary for the body's normal functioning.
  • Bloom syndrome is a rare genetic condition marked by little dilated blood arteries across the nose and cheeks, as well as deficits that lead to a variety of blood malignancies.
  • Down syndrome: People with Down syndrome, particularly youngsters, have an increased risk of inheriting blood cancer. Patients with disorders that influence blood cell production are seen here. As a result of these anomalies, they develop blood cancer. These people have an additional copy of the Erg Gene due to an extra region of DNA known as chromosome 21.
  • AT (ataxia-telangiectasia) is an extremely rare hereditary disease that primarily affects the nerve and circulatory systems. AT is caused by a change in the ATM gene, which causes mutations in certain sections of the DNA. When a person inherits two non-working copies of a gene, the condition develops. A carrier is someone who inherits only one non-working gene copy. This gene controls the production of enzymes that limit cell development and promote cell death.
  • Smoking: One of the most important risk factors for blood cancer is smoking. Smoking is commonly thought to cause just lung or mouth cancer, however it is also one of the leading causes of blood cancer. Tobacco has the potential to severely damage or disrupt the DNA of blood cells, resulting in aberrant cell development and dysfunction, ultimately leading to blood cancer. It also lowers the body's immunity, making it more vulnerable to attacks. Continuing to smoke despite having cancer causes the malignant cells to proliferate rapidly.
  • Diet: Today, more than half of the world's population does not consume a nutritious diet; yet, a few foods are linked to an increased risk of cancer. The following are the details:
  • Processed meat
  • Microwave popcorn
  • Aerated drinks
  • Diet food and beverages
  • Refined flour
  • Refined sugars
  • Dirty fruits and vegetables
  • Farmed salmon
  • Hydrogenated oils