The diagnosis of laryngeal cancer begins with a thorough evaluation of the patient's medical history, as well as physical examinations that include a check of the patient's dental and oral health.

The following are the diagnosis methods of laryngeal cancer:

  • Under anaesthetic, direct laryngoscopy is performed to assess the degree of the disease and obtain a biopsy sample for confirmation of the diagnosis.
  • In order to understand both the local extent of the disease and lymph node involvement, a computed tomography (CT) scan of the head and neck region is frequently recommended.
  • A chest X-ray is conducted on a regular basis (in order to rule out the possibility of lung metastasis).
  • In head and neck malignancies, a PET CT scan is not part of the conventional diagnostic approach.
  • The relevance of PET CT scans in such tumours isn't entirely clear, but they're frequently suggested for patients who are at a higher risk of distant metastasis.