The liver is the human body's largest intra-abdominal organ. It is separated into two lobes and is located beneath the right rib and below the right lung.
Functions of Liver:
The liver performs several vital roles in the human body, including secreting bile into the intestines to aid nutrient absorption and breaking down toxins in the blood, which are ultimately passed through urine and faeces. It is also responsible for producing the majority of blood clotting factors, which aid in the prevention of excessive bleeding after a cut or injury.
Hepatocytes are a type of cell that makes up the liver. It also contains a variety of other cell types, such as blood vessels and cells located in the lining of bile ducts. Bile ducts are short tube-like structures that extend from the liver and transport bile, a chemical that aids in the breakdown of lipids. The bile ducts transport bile from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines.
The various types of cells found in the liver can result in a variety of cancers. These tumours can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). The type of tumour, the source of the tumour, and the quantity and size of the tumour all influence the therapy of liver cancer. The prognosis for each of these cancers is varied.
- Benign liver tumours, primary liver cancer, and secondary or metastatic liver cancer are the three types of liver cancer.
- Benign liver tumours are benign tumours that can occasionally become large enough to cause concerns. These tumours, on the other hand, do not invade neighbouring tissue or organs and do not spread to other parts of the body. The majority of these tumours can be surgically removed.
- Cancer that begins in the liver is known as primary liver cancer.
- Cancer that has progressed to the liver from another part of the body, such as the pancreas, colon, stomach, lung, or breast, is known as secondary liver cancer. Secondary lung cancer tumours are designated after the main place or area where the malignancy was discovered.
Liver Cancer Types
The various types of cells found in the liver can result in a variety of cancers. The prognosis for each of these cancers varies.
What are the symptoms of Liver cancer?
The signs and symptoms of liver cancer normally do not appear until cancer has progressed to its later stages, however, they can also appear early. It is critical to see a doctor as soon as the first symptoms occur, as there may be opportunities to identify and treat cancer early and more effectively. The following are the most prevalent signs of liver cancer.
- Pain in the right upper abdomen
- Vomiting or nausea
- Loss of weight
- After a short dinner, I'm feeling full.
- Appetite loss.
- Liver enlargement
- Spleen enlargement
- Swelling or a build-up of fluid in the abdomen
What are the causes of liver cancer?
A risk factor is something that raises a person's chances of getting cancer. Cancer is typically influenced by risk factors, although it is not directly caused by them.
What are the stages of liver cancer?
One of the most significant procedures performed after a diagnosis of liver cancer is staging. The degree of cancer and how far it has spread is referred to as staging.
How to know if you have Liver Cancer?
If some of the signs of liver cancer are present, various tests must be performed to diagnose liver cancer.
What is the treatment for liver cancer?
The next critical step after diagnosis and staging is treatment.
Measures to prevent Liver Cancer:
Certain measures can be followed in order to prevent liver cancer.