The symptoms of ovarian cancer vary from person to person. Some show advanced stage acute symptoms (signs that arise suddenly) while others present early-stage sub-acute symptoms. It is difficult to spot signs as a result over time; the tumor starts to develop. The early symptoms of ovarian cancer are often very subtle and difficult to detect; this is one of the reasons why ovarian cancer is such a deadly disease.

When cancer advances and spreads beyond the ovaries; usually then most women tend to experience significant symptoms. It is safer for women to see a doctor for screenings, tests, and other monitoring devices to rule out the possibility especially for those who have a family history of ovarian cancer or are considered to be at high risk due to any genetic risk factor. For early signs or the screening of ovarian cancer; routine visits to the gynecologist along with annual pelvic exams, ultrasound, and CA-125 (blood test) are recommended.

Due to the presence of mass or fluid in the abdominal cavity; symptoms like abdominal discomfort, pain, or abdominal distension are very common in women. Some of the wide variety of symptoms of ovarian cancer are vague and non-specific that includes:

  • Bloating sensation
  • Abdominal distension (fullness)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Discomfort
  • Constipation
  • Vaginal Bleeding
  • Indigestion
  • Acid reflux
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of weight
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Paraneoplastic symptoms such as dermatomyositis, anemia, or nephrotic syndrome.

Some patients can also feel lumps in the abdomen when the tumor develops.

Symptoms associated with the possibility of granulosa cell tumors

A scarce kind of ovarian cancer is Granulosa cell tumors that come from the stromal cell group. Thus it is crucial to be aware of these symptoms. The following symptoms are some indicative of the presence of such tumors:

In prepubescent girls

  • Early-onset of puberty
  • Acute abdominal pain

In premenopausal women

  • Increased abdominal girth
  • Irregularities in the menstrual cycle
  • Enlarged abdominal mass
  • Abdominal pain.

In postmenopausal women

  • Tenderness in Breast
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Acute abdominal pain