The urinary bladder:

The urinary bladder; a hollow flexible and muscular walled sac is located in the pelvis region behind the pelvic bone that helps expel urine out of the body. Urination happens when the muscles in the bladder stretch and squeeze to contain urine to collect and send it out of the body through a tube called the urethra. This article talks about the types of bladder cancer and the treatment options for bladder cancer.


  • The temporary storage of urine: The urinary bladder helps store urine. It accommodates up to 400-600ml of urine in healthy adults.
  • Assists in the expulsion of urine: It allows urination by contraction as well as relaxing the muscles.

Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins when the cells that line the inside of the urinary bladder start to grow out of control. With the increase in the number of cells; the formation of a tumor takes place that eventually spreads to the other parts of the body.

Even though the causes of bladder cancer are not definite; some of the important risk factors such as genetic history, genetic mutations due to the use of tobacco. Many patients show or exposure to chemicals must be taken into account. Moreover, as per many studies; non-smokers are less prone to develop bladder cancer in comparison with smokers.   Other risk factors are:

  • Bladder defects at the time of birth
  • Side-effects of therapy(chemotherapy and radiation)
  • Chronic bladder infections and irritations
  • Exposure to chemicals, including aromatic amines and arsenic in water
  • Low fluid consumption
  • Family genetic history of bladder cancer
  • Being male and white

What are the signs and symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

Urinary issues are the most common symptoms of Bladder Cancer. Orange, Pink, or Dark red blood in the urine is one of the first symptoms. Other than that; the following symptoms indicate that one must consult a doctor:

  • Change in urine color/urine mixed with blood
  • Frequent urge to urinate than usual
  • Not being able to urinate
  • Burning sensation while urinating

These symptoms are also associated with Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Bladder Stones, Overactive Bladder as well as Inflammation in the prostate. Either way; one must get an immediate check-up.

Once Bladder Cancer starts to spread:

Bladder Cancer can lead to the following conditions that spread in the body:

Lower back Pain

Weight loss

Pain in the bones

Fatigue or exhaustion

Urge to urinate even when you do not have to

Swollen feet

Not feeling hungry

Reduced urine output

While these conditions may be a result of a condition other than bladder cancer, it is better to stay safe than be sorry.

What are the causes of Bladder Cancer?

The most common cancer among other cancers is Bladder cancer that affects men more than it affects women. Bladder cancer occurs when cells in the bladder begin to grow, divide uncontrollably and not die; these abnormal cells form a tumor.

Causes of Bladder Cancer are:

  • Use of tobacco and smoking
  • Exposure to some harmful chemicals
  • Exposure to radiations in past
  • Chronic irritation of the bladder lining
  • Parasitic infections
  • Congenital bladder abnormalities

Definite causes of Bladder cancer are not always clear. There are many patients that show no obvious risk factors for Bladder Cancer.

Risk Factors of Bladder Cancer

In the case of Bladder Cancer; some of these risk factors can be either controllable or uncontrollable.

Stages of Bladder Cancer

Learn and understand the different stages of bladder cancer.

Diagnosis Of Bladder Cancer

It is essential to diagnose bladder cancer early and accurately as possible. Depending on the various factors; doctors prescribe different diagnosis methods.

Treatment for Bladder Cancer

On the basis of the stages of bladder cancer; different treatment methods are adopted by the doctors. To learn more about the treatment options; click here.

Prevention From Bladder Cancer

As we all know; prevention is better than cure; hence follow these prevention steps to lead a cancer-free life.