The following are some of the other important treatment options available for skin cancer.

  1. Photodynamic therapy (PDT)

It  is a skin cancer treatment that involves the use of a specific type of light. It's frequently given with other medications that are inert until they're exposed to laser light. These medications are administered intravenously or topically and accumulate more in cancer cells than in normal cells. The most significant downside of this treatment is the harm it does to healthy cells.

Photodynamic therapy has extremely few or minimal negative effects for the patient. The following are some of the potential negative effects that patients may encounter following treatment:

  • Skin discoloration and redness
  • Burning sensation of the affected area
  • Activation of the cold-sore
  • Scars and blisters
  • Allergic reactions
  • Sun sensitivity
  • Anesthetic complications
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Infection susceptible
  • Disfigurement of the face
  1. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy tries to strengthen the patient's immune system by restoring the body's fight against cancer by employing artificial chemicals. Biotherapy or biologic therapy is another name for this procedure. Interferon and imiquimod are the most often used medications in immunotherapy, with interferon being administered as an injection and imiquimod being applied to the skin as an ointment.

The treatment of advanced and metastatic melanomas has changed substantially thanks to new immunotherapies that target CTLA-4 and PD-1/PD-L1.

Immunotherapy does not have the same level of safety as it appears due to the modifications it makes to the patient's immune system. However, not every patient will experience the same side effects.

The following are some of the treatment's possible negative effects:

  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Breathing problems
  • Problems with the skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and a headache
  • Loss of weight
  • Pneumonitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Neuropathy
  • Problems with the kidneys
  • Problems with the eyes
  • Colitis
  • Problems with infusions
  1. Targeted therapy

It is a type of treatment that use medications that specifically target malignant cells. They avoid the tremendous harm that chemotherapy can cause to the remaining healthy cells. A signal transduction inhibitor is utilised in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma as part of targeted therapy. These inhibitors prevent signals from passing between molecules in cells, resulting in cell death. Vismodegib and sonidegib are the most often utilised signal transduction inhibitors. Melanoma treatments that target BRAF activating mutations are employed. These have been demonstrated to help people with advanced and metastatic melanomas live longer.

Side effects of skin cancer drugs:

  • Rashes, itching, and thickening of the skin are all common skin issues.
  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss is a common problem.
  • Headache and nausea
  • Sun sensitivity
  • Problems with the heart
  • Joint discomfort
  • Failure of the kidneys
  • Problems with the liver
  • Bleeding
  • Allergic reactions to diabetes
  • Skin tumours that develop later in life
  1. Chemical peel

The purpose of a chemical peel is to improve the appearance of the skin. It's done by smearing a chemical solution over the damaged areas and allowing it to permeate through the top layers of the skin. Actinic keratosis is commonly treated with them. Chemabrasion and chemexfoliation are other terms for chemical peels.

Complications that emerge as a result of chemical peeling are dependent on the depth of the peel.

The most prevalent side effects of skin peeling as a skin cancer treatment are as follows:

  • Scarring
  • Infections
  • The colour of the treated areas
  • Skin in the treated areas tightens and swells.
  • Reactivation of herpes simplex infections Discoloration of the skin
  • Problems with anaesthesia

Other medication therapy: Drugs related to vitamin A are prescribed to treat squamous cell carcinoma as part of skin cancer treatment. Diclofenac and ingenol are used to treat actinic keratosis.