Your doctor will prescribe the right form of treatment depending upon the stage of your cancer.
- Chemotherapy- The use of chemotherapy involves administering drugs to kill rapidly growing cells, including cancer cells. The drugs can be given through an arm vein, as pills, or both. Some doctors recommend chemotherapy after surgery for gallbladder cancer if there is a risk that some cells may remain after the surgery.
It can be given orally or by injecting the drugs into the bloodstream.
- Oral Chemotherapy: These medications are coated in a protective layer that is broken down by the stomach and absorbed by the organs.
- Intravenous: Because most chemotherapy medications are administered intravenously, it is the most prevalent form of administration. The drug is injected into the veins and occasionally into the bigger muscle at this point. The medicine will circulate more quickly in the bloodstream thanks to this injection.
A short, thin tube, known as a cannula, is inserted into the veins of the forearm and held in place temporarily.
Portable infusion pump: A portable infusion pump is a small pressure pump that is used to give drugs at a slower rate.
An implanted port or a subcutaneous port is sometimes known as a port-a-cath. It's for patients who need chemotherapy on a regular basis or on a regular basis. This system is utilised to alleviate the pain that other systems cause.
Central lines (tunnelled catheters) are inserted into the centre of the chest through the skin. They are put into the superior vena cava after being pushed through the subcutaneous tissue. The catheters feature lumens or openings that allow for simultaneous blood sample extraction and medication administration.
- Surgery- An effective method to remove cancer.
- Palliative surgery- Performed for more complex and metastasized cancer which cannot be treated by performing surgery alone.
- Biliary bypass- Through surgery, blockage is removed to allow bile to drain from liver and gallbladder.
- Biliary catheter or Stent- To help remove any blockage to allow free flow of bile.
- Alcohol injection- The nerves that carry pain signals from gallbladder to brain are deadened .
- Potentially curative surgery- These are performed for resectable cancers (which can be removed by surgery alone).
- Cholecystectomy- This removes both gallbladder or gall stones.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy – To remove non-cancerous tumor of gallbladder, by inserting a laparoscope through an incision.
Open Cholecystectomy- To remove non cancerous tumor by removing the gallbladder by making a large incision on the abdominal wall.
Extended cholecystectomy- It includes removal of gallbladder as the procedure to treat the cancer.
- Targeted therapy- By blocking the weaknesses of cancer cells, targeted drug treatments may cause the cancer cells to die. It may be an option for people who have advanced gallbladder cancer.
- Radiation therapy - After surgery for gallbladder cancer, radiation therapy is sometimes combined with chemotherapy. It is a procedure in which high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays and protons, are used to kill cancer cells.
- External beam radiation- External beam radiation therapy, which uses X rays to treat cancer tumors in the gallbladder, is used to treat gallbladder cancer. The goal of this treatment is to eliminate cancer cells by employing an X-ray machine called a linear accelerator to direct radiation beams externally. The technique entails projecting radiation while the patient is lying down on a table and the linear accelerator moves around him or her, projecting radiation at various angles. To avoid exposure, the patient is left alone in a room during the treatment and is watched by cameras installed in the room. To avoid the negative effects of harming healthy blood cells, higher and more precise doses are used.
- 3-D conformal radiation therapy- This is a more advanced version of EBRT. It makes use of specialist computers to precisely map the location of tumors. The projected radiation beams are shaped like tumors and are delivered at different angles. The damage to healthy tissues is minimised with this treatment.
- Intensity modulated radiation therapy- IMRT (intensity modulated radiation therapy) is a more advanced version of 3D-CRT. This method uses computer-controlled machines to move the patient while the accelerator administers radiation. The radiation is shaped and delivered in a variety of angles throughout this treatment. During treatment, doctors can change the intensity of the radiation.
- Chemoradiation- To treat gallbladder cancer, radiation therapy is frequently used in conjunction with other treatments, including chemotherapy. When combined with chemotherapeutic medications, EBRT has a substantially greater success rate than any of them alone. Patients must, however, be able to live with the negative effects of both treatments. Patients with metastasized gallbladder cancer are frequently recommended this treatment.
- Immunotherapy-The purpose of immunotherapy is to boost the body's own immune system to fight cancer. Your disease-fighting immune system may not be able to recognize cancer cells because they are produced by the cancer cells.