The following is the sequence of an oropharyngeal carcinoma patient's diagnosis:

  • The patient's medical history and physical examination are used to diagnose oropharyngeal carcinoma.
  • To confirm the diagnosis, a biopsy of the original tumour is performed.
  • A CT scan or MRI of the head and neck is recommended to determine the disease's local extent and lymph node involvement.
  • A chest X-ray is performed on a regular basis to rule out lung metastases.
  • Patients with locally advanced illnesses should get a thoracic CT scan.
  • The use of PET CT in the diagnosis of head and neck cancers is not standardised. PET CT has a less defined role, although it should be evaluated in individuals who have a higher risk of distant metastases.